Vietnamese language

 

 Vietnamese language is written in Latin characters, but it is a tonal language with 6 different tones and a variety of dialects from region to region.


The Latin script which clashes with other scripts and local Indian languages​​, is due to the period of evangelization by the Portuguese Jesuits in the 17th century. The latter found it easier to impose this writing which replaced those present in that territory and that differed from north to south. This transcript was called Chu Quoc Ngu.

1)   Vietnamese alphabet:

 

a [a] e [ɜ] m [m∂] r [r∂]
ă [ɒ] ê [e] n [n∂] s [∫∂]
â [ʌ] g [g∂] o [ɔ] t [t∂]
b [b∂] h [h∂] ô [o] u [u]
c [k∂] i [i] ơ [∂] ư [ɯ]
d [z∂] k [k∂] p [p∂] v [v∂]
đ [d∂] l [l∂] q [ku] x [s∂]
            y [i]

 

2)    Pronoun in Vietnamese

In Vietnamese, the personal pronouns of the first subject person, second person, third person singular and plural vary depending on the speaker social and family relation. Generally, it refers to family rank, reaching from the speaker.

 

1st person  2nd person (you)
  Tôi (general)   Ông/Bà/Anh/Chị/Cô
  Con   Ông (bà) nội (ngoại) ba, mẹ, bác, chú, cô cậu dì
  Em   Anh/Chị
  Anh    Em
  Chị   Em
  Bác, chú, dì, cô   Cháu

 

 3) Essential Vietnamese travel phrases to use in streets,market, hotels, restaurant

 

Shopping

How much does it cost Giá bao nhiêu ?
I will buy it Tôi mua cái này.
I want one Tôi muốn một cái.
No, thanks Tôi không muốn, cảm ơn.
Number from 1 to 10 Một, hai, ba, bốn, năm, sáu, bảy , tám, chín, mười.

 

4) Userful vocabularies

 

In restaurant

 Table   Bàn  Vietnamese currency   Đồng
Bowl   Bát  Sit   Ngồi
Vietnamese noodle   Phở Eat   Ăn
Glass   Cốc/Ly Wait   Đợi
Orange juice   Nước cam Want/ Prefer   Muốn/thích
Spring rolls   Chả giò/nem Drink   Uống
Money   Tiền  All   Tất cả
 Price   Giá  Delicious  Ngon

 

Greeting

Thank you   Cảm ơn !
  Hello (to men)   Chào anh !
  Hello (to women)   Chào em !
My name is   Tôi tên là ...
What's your name?   Bạn tên gì ?
Goodbye   Tạm biệt
Excuse me   Xin lỗi
I am sorry  Tôi xin lỗi
I don't speak Vietnamese   Tôi không nói tiếng Việt
I am American   Tôi là người Mi
How are you today?   Bạn có khoẻ không ?
Fine, thank you   Cảm ơn, tôi khoẻ.
Please   Xin mời !
Perhaps   Có lẽ
Yes   Vâng, có
No   Không
I agree   Đồng ý
 May I take a photo of you?   Tôi có thể chụp ảnh được chứ ?
I don't know   Tôi không biết
Where is the market?   Chợ ở đâu vậy ?
I want to get to the hotel   Tôi muốn đến khách sạn ...

 

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